The nine months of pregnancy are the best time for the mother-to-be. I am sure they are with a new life growing inside, the new experiences, and all the excitement in the air. So, how to take care of yourself in pregnancy?
Bringing a tiny person into the world is nothing less of a miracle. It is the reason why it requires a lot of planning and preparation in advance for prenatal as well as post-natal care. You put together a baby-kit replete with samples and freebies of baby products may ready you for the time when they arrive into the world.
Here is more on that.
Usually, pregnant women do not have much experience in detecting signs of pregnancy. Common symptoms of early pregnancy that you can pay attention to are:
- Mild bleeding in the private area
- Urinate often
- Headache, body fatigue
- Increased body temperature, chest pain
- Mood swings
- Sensitive to smell and eating disorders
- One of the most recognizable signs of pregnancy is that women often experience periods.
- And the pregnancy test is 2 bars
Learn family medical history
Discuss with your mother, grandmother, or family members precisely what some genetic issues or congenital disabilities are in the family. This will help you prepare psychologically as well as take appropriate proactive precautions.
During pregnancy, the mother must never do heavy physical work such as carrying heavy loads, climbing high causing her body to vibrate continuously.
The fetus can be toxic through the mother. Mother should avoid contact in places containing many poisonous substances such as pesticides, chemicals. Also, the mother should avoid radiation rays such as radioactive ray generators, operating projectors, electric scans. At the same time, you should also pay attention to when working in places where there may be dangerous labor accidents.
Night shift is more or less affecting the mother’s health, so when the baby is over six months pregnant, she should stop working at night
Working correctly and working will help mothers to be healthy and mentally comfortable. For pregnant women, it is essential to rest, in between working sessions, the mother should take some time for rest to avoid stress. Especially for mothers with weak health, eating and drinking inadequate, the need to get more rest, ensure adequate sleep. When it’s almost time for the due date, the mother should arrange for work so she can take four weeks off from work before giving birth.
• Pregnancy does not make a woman give up all normal day-to-day operations. While pregnant, women can still work, an exercise in the morning, play light sports. Particularly in cases of threatened miscarriage and women with a history of repeated miscarriage, pregnant women should take absolute rest and consult a specialist.
• For the first three months and after the 8th month, avoid spousal relationships, prevent miscarriage or unexpected labor.
• Personal hygiene
- Wear spacious clothes, shower every day, avoid douching
- Brush your teeth every day, you should visit the dentist periodically from the 5th month of pregnancy to prevent tooth decay after pregnancy.
Avoid constipation by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, drinking plenty of fluids, and exercising in the morning. Do not take medication because the drug will be dependent on constipation aggravated.
• During pregnancy, the mother needs to eat and drink enough nutrients. Because the deficiency of nutrients will reduce the resistance, increase the risk of infectious diseases, affect the development of the fetus, deflation children. Intellectual development and other parts can be premature or complicated.
• On average, a mother will gain 12.5 kg during pregnancy.
• To eat a nutritious meal, mothers need to balance the meals, so they should eat fresh foods and supplement the missing nutrients. Should drink from 2 – 2.5l of water/day.
- Protein contains essential amino acids for the body. Protein comes from meat, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products, soy, cereal.
- Sugar: providing energy for mother and fetus. During pregnancy, women need 2300 – 2700 calories/day. Sugar is found in fruits, carrots, milk, honey, cereals, etc.
- Fat: Helps the growth of brain cells or provides energy. Also, fat helps the body absorb some types of vitamins easily, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K. So, the mother should eat vegetable fat (cooking oil). And should not eat animal fat.
- Mineral salt: the two most important substances are calcium and iron. Calcium is abundant in milk, shrimp, crabs, eggs. Iron is abundant in beef, red amaranth, watercress and watercress
- Vitamins A, B, C, D, E in fresh foods such as vegetables, fruits can take one more multivitamin tablet.
- Do not eat too salty or too light.
- You can eat dessert in a smart way to supply enough vitamins.
Pregnant women often receive folk advice about what to eat and what to avoid during this period. As long as the mother’s body is healthy, the diet can almost maintain as usual. You don’t need too much energy until the last trimester. Even during that time, the number of calories required adds to only about 200 calories per day.
Eating five meals a day will help provide many minerals needed for baby’s growth. A third of a mother’s diet should include foods that contain whole carbohydrates such as spaghetti or bread. If possible, include plenty of protein, fresh milk, and choose low-fat foods.
When looking for what to do during pregnancy, the mother will be confused because so many nutrients must be added to her baby. The mother only needs to provide all the necessary nutrients from the nutritious and varied diet for pregnant women. Nutrition experts recommend adding only folic acid. Mothers should get 400mcgs daily for 12 weeks. 10mcgs of vitamin D is also recommended during pregnancy to provide enough calcium needed to help your baby’s bones grow.
Be careful when using the drug
In case you are sick, tell your doctor you are pregnant so that you can be given the right medication. Use of the drug during pregnancy should be carefully advised and agreed upon by doctors and pharmacists.
If you must use medication, remember:
- Minimize the use of drugs. Primarily, you should not “prescribe” yourself without the doctor’s consent
- Many medicines may be safe for you, but it can be dangerous to the unborn baby’s body.
If you are unsure about any medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist:
- Use the medicine according to the instructions and indications such as dosage, time, and how to take the medication. For example, there are pills to be taken on an empty stomach and vice versa
Be careful when using tonic
Pregnant women should be cautious about taking tonic, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Medicines made from natural ingredients are not meant to be safe for pregnant women. Many tonics has not been thoroughly tested and proven to work, as well. Therefore, be careful before taking any medicine and check with your doctor before taking.
Physical health training
Exercise when pregnant, perhaps no mother thinks about, but the campaign is significant for the health of pregnant women and the fetus. Exercising helps strengthen the mother’s endurance to be able to conceive safely and give birth, replenish energy, and improve mood. Here are some exercises that pregnant women should spend time practicing:
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises
- Brisk walking
- Play with children
- Gentle exercise under the guidance of coaches and doctors
Stop smoking and using alcohol
Smoking and using alcoholic beverages during pregnancy can harm your baby. Not only does the mother feel uncomfortable, but cigarette smoke can also cause the fetus to have congenital disabilities and a low birth rate. Therefore, stop using stimulants as soon as you know, you are pregnant.
Many people have different perceptions about the use of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy. However, during the first trimester, drinking alcohol will increase the rate of miscarriage. It is also easy for the fetus to have congenital disabilities. If the mother chooses to continue using alcohol, 1-2 weeks should only drink 1 to 2 cups.
Prepare yourself to welcome the new baby
Families with babies will be very busy. Being mentally prepared will help parents determine what needs to be done to care for the baby. For example, they can eat fast food or frozen meals a few times, where they can sleep, thanks to caregivers. For the first time, if there is any preparation, things like that won’t cause too much trouble for parents.
See your doctor
Immediately after finding out pregnant, see a doctor. They will be the organizers of all prenatal care plans and give the mother the most helpful tips to stay healthy. Doctors will also be responsible for ultrasound and baby health care in the abdomen.
And finally, enjoy yourself. Pregnancy is an ideal time for first-time mothers. Take time to plan to prepare for a new role – motherhood, and do not forget to take care of yourself.
It is vital that the mother-to-be stays happy throughout her pregnancy. However, it is common to experience mood swings during this phase.
If your mood swings are extreme and last for more than two weeks at a stretch, you may want to bring that to the notice of your doctor as it may be depression.
To learn more about other methods from many the mother over the world, especially Japanese mother, please keep reading here.