Books are treasures of human knowledge that bring us countless useful experience. Each year, thousands of books on various fields are published by young publishers, educational publishers. We can not deny that the benefits of reading are immense but extremely cheap, right? Each person has a different reading style. Each book will have a different translation and an unusual amount of knowledge so how to be able to read a book effectively. Here we will guide you to some simple reading steps but extremely useful.
To formulate a reading method, you should first apply the following procedure. Gradually, on that basis, you can find a suitable way.
Step 1: Determine the purpose of reading.
This is a significant issue. The method of reading depends on the purpose and is entirely dictated by the goal. The use of text will govern the entire reading process. Determining the purpose of reading will help you avoid reading rampant, effort, and time. The purpose of reading also helps you to have a reasonable interpretation, consistent with the task and time that can be spent reading.
Determining the purpose of reading is to answer the question: “What is reading for?”. Since then, the problem was responded to: “What book, where to read, and how to read?”.
Purpose of reading also determines the direction of exploiting the problem in the same book. Defining the use of the text is the first important thing for each of us.
Step 2: Find out the address of the book.
You read the first and last pages of the book to know:
- The name of the book.
- The writer’s name.
- Name of publisher.
- Publishing year.
You should not underestimate this operation. The information above will help you a lot.
You’ve just finished a good book. You meet a close friend and chatter with this friend about the book. But when a friend asks the book’s name and the author’s name for that person to read, you don’t remember or answer it. Have you ever been in this situation? If so, then unquestionably you have ignored the seemingly useless operation above.
Not only that, but this information is also very convenient when you go to buy books and find books in the library. You will provide information about the book you are looking for a bookstore employee or librarian, and they will help you find it easily. Standing in front of the bookshelves and not knowing which books are the books, without having the above information, then how can you find the book you need. Is that right?
Step 3: See the table of contents.
The table of contents of the book reflects the general and simple outline of the content, sometimes reflecting its logical framework. This step helps you answer the question: “What content does the book have, in what order?”.
Step 4: See introduction, preface.
Read the introduction or preface to know what the book is about, who uses the book most effectively, and how to read effectively.
The book author wrote the preface. Through the foreword, you can easily understand the author’s intentions. Also, generalize the fundamental problem mentioned and the effect the purpose of the book the author wishes. You know the most critical issue, the paper will present. Sometimes, through the introductory words, you also gain advice from how the author should learn and study the book.
Step 5: See the conclusion and summary at the end of the book.
The purpose of viewing the book’s conclusions and abstracts is to see the most concise content, the main findings, and the author’s affirmation of the issues presented. At the same time, through the conclusions and summaries, you also see that the problems have not been adequately addressed, their development directions continue.
As a rule, the author must write a conclusion and a summary at the end of the book. But for now, I don’t know why some authors overlook this work.
Step 6: Read a few paragraphs.
After you have acquired information about the content and purpose of the book, you will directly learn into the material by reading through a few paragraphs, finding exciting and valuable passages. Thanks to reading through a few items like that, the comments on the content of the book will gradually be more accurate, creating conditions for later reading.
Step 7: True reading (or keep reading)
To acquire the necessary knowledge, achieve the purpose of reading, you need to delve into the book. This job requires you to have reading techniques. Text is the ability to dominate your reading knowledge and level. Reading technology depends on the purpose of the passage, expressed by reading. Here are some ways to learn; you can refer and choose according to your reading purpose.
You generalize the initial concepts and its content in the book. For those who are gifted, just by skimming has grasped the essential things like the main idea, the main thing. When skimming, it is possible to skip some pages, paragraphs, or stop at one-page number, paragraph. This reading is used when reading to understand a problem that has been prepared, needs further clarification and confirmation; or find different expressions for a given problem.
Focus reading (or partial reading):
A method of reading paragraphs, sections that have been pre-selected to focus energy and time on the necessary content, for a prepared job.
Read the whole book but don’t ponder it carefully:
This reading is intended to generalize the entire album rather than delve into the specific content. You should read without skipping a page and not pausing to ponder at what content but just grasping. That was discussed, and to what extent the table was. With books we do not know trends, ideas, values can also be read in this way.
Read the content of the book:
This is the essential reading, the most necessary in self-study to comprehend the content of the book. Each material, each issue is examined thoroughly, compared with knowledge, experience, and other writings on the problems mentioned in it. The thought contents of the book are evaluated, criticized, and fully understood by the readers.
In the same way as the whole reading or skimming, the reader completely follows the author’s lead, accepts it completely, takes it as dogma; recognize and consider problems with the author’s eyes.
A reading that when reviewing the book ideas mentioned, readers always collate, evaluate it. Any acceptance or opposition is read based on appreciation and comparison with knowledge and experience; be aware, according to the worldview, your feelings. From that awareness, conclude necessary for the reader himself.
Only exploit content, book ideology at an acceptable level or have general criticism but have not shown the book thoroughly. When reading entertaining books, this way of reading is appropriate, with minimal effort.
A reading that requires an in-depth study of the book’s content to fully understand and comprehend critically the ideas mentioned in the book. This is also a critical reading used in self-study.
Each of the above reading ways can cater to different reading purposes and types of books. For scientific and technical papers, reading for study, research must be read proactively, brooding deeply, going into the content of each issue in the book. Thus, the more clearly you need to have a clear purpose of reading before you start reading.
Reading science books for study and research, you not only read once but sometimes have to read many times to achieve the set goal. Therefore, people also divide the reading into the first reading and keep reading.
First-time reading only gives you the basis for guiding in-depth reads to achieve results. It is from the first reading. You can see the content that is important and necessary for you. The next time you read it, you need to focus on it. Each time, the author explores the content of the book more deeply, determines what needs to be learned for the next reading, and narrows the scope of the translation. So on until you understand the book, complete the purpose of the text, the reading will stop. V.I. Lenin advised us: “After the first reading, make notes of any unknown or unclear places to return to read the second, third, fourth time …”.
Positive thinking when reading:
Reading books without positive thinking is just a waste of time. Positive thinking when reading is always visualizing the ideas in books into symbols, images in mind; collate, compare them with each other and with existing knowledge. From that, we can discover the main, the non-essential; essential and non-essential, conclude oneself. On that basis, you will have a new view, a full look from a new perspective and a unique quality.
Reading with positive thinking is through which to draw something from the content of the book, supplementing what knowledge and experiences for yourself. One-way reading should be avoided, lazy to think, lazy to take notes; Passive reading, accepting all, memorizing machines.
If you are always thinking when reading, you will feel that you really “grow up” through every page of the book.
Pay close attention when reading:
Focusing attention is the effort, trying to direct the whole mind continuously on reading to think thoroughly, think positively, and remember what is learned when reading. This is a difficult job, requiring you to have a passion, have a clear purpose and purpose.
Don’t get distracted from the content of the book; do not pay attention to trivial details such as printing style, words. Try not to let other things. Outside influences distract the thought process while reading. When you have a problem that is difficult to understand, do not be discouraged. Please try to think or record to find out later.
In doing so, the reading is useful.
Train to have reasonable reading techniques:
Reading techniques include organizing, identifying reading methods, and reading operations. The organization of reading is primarily the arrangement, arrangement, and assurance of favorable conditions for compelling reading.
- You should try to choose a suitable reading place so that you can focus high and continuously.
- Avoid noisy places. The light is always changing or too dark.
- A place to read should also be airy, clean, and tidy.
- Do not read books lying down, easy to affect memory. It is best to read at the writing desk, sitting comfortably, keeping the book at eye level.
- Pens, notebooks and other necessary tools to be beside, so that when needed, they can be taken immediately.
When reading, you should note the following:
- Read by my eyes and brain, not by mouth.
- Avoid reading back and forth too much.
- Vertical eye movement when reading.
- Reading at variable speed: Any important segment, read slowly, carefully read; If it doesn’t matter, scan it, skim it.
- Try to understand the meaning of the whole paragraph; do not pay attention to words, sentences.
- Practice reading quickly, grasping, and promptly grasping the central, essential of the problem presented in the book.
You should practice regularly, gradually increasing to reasonable reading speed. V.I. Lenin read books like books but still fully and deeply grasp the content of the book. You need to try every step to be able to put your eyes on the page and immediately capture the spirit of an entire paragraph.
Need to practice judgment when reading. If there’s a purpose of learning to resolve or affirm something, glance at the article about it.
However, it should be understood that fast reading is not quick, devouring text. Such interpretation is only harmful. Quick reading is grabbing fast, accurate, and full content, rather than eye-catching on words.
To practice reading speed, you take a book, choose a page, or a whole section, and scan it. While you read, trying to grasp its contents. Then you think about what the content is. Do it again to determine if the content you just captured in the previous reading is complete and accurate. Next time, try to improve the reading speed than the last time. Read a few more times until it confirms the full and precise content of the reading.
By doing so, you can gradually improve the reading speed, and control the quality of reading corresponding to that speed. When you have a satisfactory reading speed, you need to practice regularly, regularly read books so that the skills you have trained can not be lost.
Record what you have read:
- Compelling reading is shown in the record results. Reading indispensable notes.
- Taking notes while reading will encourage attention, reduce fatigue.
- Taking notes also helps you to check the level of comprehension of the material, creating a basis for remembering the acquired knowledge.
- Read when you are in the right mood. If you are distracted, angry, or too worried to concentrate, you won’t get much out of what you read, and probably won’t remember any of it the next day either.
- Don’t forget to keep track of library due dates. You return or renew your library books by the due date to avoid late fees. (Should find your favorite author, and always check out his or her books first!)
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