Today, preparing for the specific global spread of this virus dubbed COVID-19, is one of the most pro-social things we could do to possible disruptions of this kind.
Know about symptoms and routes of infection 2019-nCoV
Some typical signs in patients infected with the coronavirus include sore throat, headache, runny nose, and fever. 2019-nCoV also has the potential to cause respiratory diseases such as pneumonia or bronchitis, in cases of weak immune systems, especially the elderly and children. 2019-nCoV is spread from person to person through contact with infected body fluids. Coughing, sneezing, or shaking hands can expose others to exposure, depending on how the virus is spread. You can also get the virus if you touch the object with the infected person and then put it on your nose, eyes, or mouth.
There is no specific treatment for this disease. By prescribing pain killers or antipyretics, the symptoms caused by the disease can be alleviated.
National Geographic magazine said that the coronavirus strains caused SARS, MERS is transmitted from animals to humans. COVID-19 can also be transmitted from animals to animals; people then spread throughout the body. So, they are much more severe.
The new strain of coronavirus (nCoV virus) is very similar to SARS genetically, so some people call it SARS-CoV-2. So based on new disease research, along with knowledge of SARS and MERS in the past, may help answer what would have happened to your body if you had COVID-19.
For most patients, COVID-19 begins and ends in their lungs, because like the flu, this is a respiratory disease.
The primary mode of transmission is when an infected person coughs or sneezes, spewing droplets, fluids containing fluids to anyone in close contact. The nCoV virus also causes flu-like symptoms: Patients may start to have a fever and cough, then progress to pneumonia or get worse.
After the SARS pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) observed that the disease usually attacks the lungs in three stages:
– 1: The coronavirus will invade and multiply.
– 2: The virus causes an immune system disorder.
– 3: Causes lung damage.
However, not all patients go through all three stages; in fact, only 25% of SARS patients suffer from respiratory failure, which is a manifestation of severe cases.
Similarly, according to initial data on COVID-19, approximately 82% of cases had mild symptoms, the rest were severe and critical.
The question is, why does a respiratory virus affect the gastrointestinal tract?
When any virus enters the body, it looks for human cells and selects which receptors it finds compatible. If the virus finds a consistent receptor on a cell, it can invade it.
“Some viruses are extremely picky when choosing cooperative cells, but others keep more indiscriminately. They could penetrate all types of cells,” said Anna Suk-Fong Lok, chief assistant in a clinical research department at Michigan Medical University and former president of the American Society for Liver Disease Research.
Both SARS and MERS viruses can enter cells in the intestine and thrive in the gut. Therefore, they cause intestinal damage or diarrhea.
However, with the nCoV virus, we are not sure if this is true or not. Two studies included a study in the New England Journal of Medicine and a study on medRxiv involving 1,099 cases of virus detection in stool samples of people with COVID-19. However, to reach an accurate conclusion, it still takes a long time to learn.
When the coronavirus attacks the respiratory system, the liver is also an affected organ. Doctors have seen signs of liver damage in cases of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. Most are mild cases; some more severe cases can cause severe liver damage and even liver failure. So how does this happen?
When a virus enters your bloodstream, it can swim to any part of the body. The liver is an organ with many blood vessels, so the coronavirus can quickly join the liver.
Despite this, Lok also said that scientists do not fully understand how these respiratory viruses work in the liver. Viruses can infect the liver directly, copy and destroy the cells themselves. Or those cells may be damaged because the body’s immune response to the infection causes severe inflammation in the liver. Either way, Lok notes that liver failure is never a cause of death for SARS patients.
6% ofSARSpatients and 1/4 of MERS patients had acute kidney damage. Studies have shown that the nCoV virus can do the same though rare. 91.7% of SARS patients with severe renal failure died, according to a 2005 survey on Kidney International.
The renal tubules seem to be most affected by the coronavirus. After the outbreak of SARS, the WHO reported that the virus appears in the renal tubules, which could cause inflammation.
Always wear a mask when going to a crowded place
Wearing a mask helps you prevent the possibility of transmitting viruses or diseases through the respiratory tract. Especially in crowded areas, the virus has a high chance of spreading the spread from droplets when others cough, sneeze, or spit. There are many types of masks on the market today you can choose. Typically disposable medical masks, cloth masks, activated carbon masks.
As recommended by the Ministry of Health, cloth masks still have a preventive effect on nCoV.
Apply the right diet
During the epidemic season, you should pay attention to apply a scientific diet. Eat ripely, drink boiling, replenish plenty of water for the body. Strengthen your resistance with foods that contain essential vitamins and minerals like vitamins A, C, D, E, iron, zinc, and selenium. Particular attention should be paid to wearing gloves when processing or screening live animals and poultry.
Supplementing many vitamin foods, increasing resistance during the epidemic season
Drinking a glass of lemon juice mixed with honey every morning will warm the body naturally, supplementing with Vitamin C to enhance immunity, improve the body’s resistance.
Also, you can add honey in the water daily to prevent the growth of viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
In addition tofruits and honey, garlic is also a yellow food that helps fight bacteria, increase immunity, protect the respiratory tract in the body. Chew and swallow two cloves of garlic with warm water on an empty stomach to help prevent the flu.
If you don’t like the pungent smell of garlic, using a pot of making black garlic to ferment the garlic will also help reduce the smell, create a clove of sweet, flexible garlic and bring better use than regular garlic.
The Ministry of Health recommends that people should not travel, travel to crowded areas in a situation of complicated disease movements. If there are signs of fever, cough, shortness of breath, wear a mask, and notify immediately to the nearest medical facility for timely examination and treatment.
Wash your hands often with soap or an antiseptic solution
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), washing hands helps reduce:
- 23 – 40% of people suffering from diarrhea.
- Diarrhea by 58% in people with weakened immune systems.
- 16 -21% for respiratory diseases, such as colds, in the general population.
- 29 – 57% of children have to miss school due to digestive diseases.
Also, washing hands reduces the risk of disease spread and disease spread as well as the rate of antibiotic resistance. However, not everyone does this often. It would be best if you washed your hands with soap and water, then dry it. In the absence of solvent can use antiseptic gel and hand sanitizer.
On the market today there are many types of disinfectant hand sanitizer of the company. Among them, many are smuggled goods, goods of unknown origin. You should note when choosing to buy a disinfectant hand sanitizer. Only use reputable, fully documented vendors.
Create an open space for the housing area
Keep your home clean and well-ventilated by opening windows in the morning, cleaning with detergents or natural extracts such as lemon and vinegar mixed with diluted water, then using resistant wipes bacteria.
However, to ensure safety, you should use an air purifier to remove viruses that are as small as 0.3 microns or pollen, fine dust that quickly causes allergies and sneezes this season.
Should I be tested for the virus?
It is plausibly not up to you.
While the CDC is trying to roll out testing capabilities to states, we are not at that point. If you have symptoms, such as a cough or fever, but no travel history to an outbreak area, you can go to a clinic and have a rapid test done to rule out more common viruses, such as influenza, Merson advised.
If you have traveled to an area with the local transmission or have been in close contact with someone who has been exposed to the virus, and develops symptoms, your health care provider may work with the local health department. It is to determine whether you should be tested for COVID-19. Few people are expected to fall into that category.
The practical steps facing households are immediate and vital; for the sake of everyone else, prepare to stay home for a few weeks. You’ll reduce your risks, but most importantly, you will reduce the burden on health care and delivery infrastructure and allow frontline workers to reach and help the most vulnerable.